Appendix 3 (Chapter 3)
Metaphor Analysis Assignment Descriptions
Assignment 1: Metaphors for Immigration in Presidential Rhetoric
The purpose of this assignment is to analyze the metaphors used in Presidential discourse about immigration and judge how these metaphors have helped to promote either a culture of deliberation or a culture of demagoguery. You will first read the short excerpts from other Presidential speeches and remarks about immigration in class and search for additional examples using The American Presidency Project website: https://www.presidency.ucsb.edu
Part I: Isolate and Describe the Metaphors Identify three dominant conceptual metaphors at work in these excerpts to describe nation, immigrants, and immigration policy. Describe the tenor (“target domain”) and the vehicle (“source domain”). What associations do the metaphors solidify? Describe qualities, values, assumptions, and imagery associated with the terms.
Part II: Analyze the Problem Definition How do the metaphors frame and define the policy issues? What policy solutions do they invite? (Schön “Generative Metaphor: A perspective on problem-setting in social policy”)
Part III: Make a judgment about the metaphors Which of these metaphors have the most potential to promote a culture of demagoguery, according to the criteria that Roberts-Miller outlines in Demagoguery and Democracy (34–35)? Which do not? How do you know? Cite examples and explanations using her criteria.
Assignment 2: Metaphors for Immigration in Newspaper Op-Eds
For this analysis assignment you will analyze one of the op-ed newspaper articles below (or another op-ed article of your choosing from the ones we find in class today) that are written to counter the effects of demagoguery. Answer the following questions in your analysis:
What arguments do the metaphors in the op-ed make?
Do the metaphors help promote demagoguery or deliberation about the issue? Use the criteria on our demagoguery analysis table to guide your argument.
What might we learn from these op-eds about how to change a culture of demagoguery?